RSS Feed (xml)

Powered By

Skin Design:
Free Blogger Skins

Powered by Blogger

Wednesday, April 22, 2009

The Famous Amusement Park Question

Hi everyone, I'm Benchmen and I'll be your scribe for today. I'm sorry if this scribe is boring because I have to finish this quickly so I can finish off a project for another class.

We had another exam practice session today. The question that we did was a very famous one from past AP exams. It was THE AMUSEMENT PARK QUESTION.

Here is how to get the answer for part a.

This part of the question was quite simple, but there was a part to this question that may mess up some people. Let me show you how to answer it than I'll talk about that tricky part. To get the answer integrate the entering function for 9 to 17 with respect to t. You do that because since the entering function is a rate (derivative) function and if you integrate a derivative you'll get the total change of the parent function which in this case is the total number of people that entered the amusement park. If you do that you should get 6004 people. Never forget the units. You will know what unit should be part of the answer if you understand the concepts and/or technique used to find the answer.

One tricky thing that people had trouble with was understanding what the question was asking for. Some people included the Leaving Function. If you do that you are solving for how many people were in the amusement park, not how many people entered it. Those are 2 totally different things since there are entering and leaving functions.

Part a) involved the process from part a) plus a little simple multiplication. Since there are 2 costs for tickets at 2 different time intervals, you will need to do 2 integrations. So integrate the entering function for the first time interval (from 9 to 17) to get the number of people and multiply by the cost to get the amount of money made for that time interval. Do that again for the second interval and add the results together and you should get the answer in the image above. Again, don't forget the units.

This part of the question involved an accumulation function. As you can see this accumulation function represents the total number of people in the amusement park over a time interval from 9:00AM to x o'clock because the function involves the integration of the difference of the Entering and the Exiting functions. The question is asking for the derivative of the accumulation function. So if you differentiate the function you will get the integrand of the accumulation function but respect to the variable limit instead because an accumulation function is a composite of functions. If you differentiate a composite of functions, you must apply the chain rule. The differentiation of the accumulation function above results in the differences of the Entering and Leaving functions which is the change in the number of people in the park. If you did the math correctly your answer should be the answer in the image above. For the Free Response questions on the AP exam, a word answer is required. The word answer should be very specific but not long because this is math class not english class.

The last part of this amusement park question is an optimization question where you are looking for what time is it where there is a maximum number of people during the open hours of the park. So what you have to do is differentiate the accumulation function from part c) and find where the resulting function is 0. A function has a maximum or a minimum where ever the derivative has a root or is undefined. When the critical number is found, do a line analysis of the derivative to find where the parent function is increasing or decreasing. If the function is increasing on the left and decreasing on the right of the critical number, the critical number found is a maximum. The time when there is a maximum number of people is about 15.7948 hours after midnight(as in 12:00 am of the current day).

The averages of past AP exams are found on the next slide and as you can see as a class (average) we are just above average which is good because that means we could be expecting a 3-4 on the exam.

Thats my scribe and sorry if it was horrible. Very busy since the APs are coming in about 2-3 weeks.

Remember, try to do 3 AP Free Response questions a night. Get constructively modifying the wiki questions.

The next scribe will be Joyce.

Good Night

Here's the Youtube video:

No comments: